Artpool Fluxus Collection
Artpool Art Research Center collects, archives, and makes available documents for researchers regarding marginalized art practices of Hungary in the 1970s and 1980s and contemporary international art tendencies. Topics in the archive include progressive, unofficial Hungarian art movements (such as underground art events, venues, groups, and samizdat publications between 1970 and 1990) and new tendencies in international art beginning in the 1960s.
In addition to functioning as a research center, Artpool considers itself an active archive. It organizes events in search of new forms of social activity, participates in the process in a formative way, and simultaneously documents and archives these process in order to promote the free flow of information.
Budapest, Szabolcs utca 33
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Name of collection
- Artpool Fluxus Collection
Provenance and cultural activities
Artpool’s engagement with Fluxus arose from György Galántai (the founder of Artpool)’s interest in the movement. Galántai’s first artistic “institution project,” the Balatonboglár Chapel Studio, was already attended by many artists involved or interested in Fluxus and conceptual art. Building personal relationships with the representatives of Fluxus became possible for Galántai after the establishment of Artpool in 1979. The “poster-work” (Young Artists’ Club, 1979) he created at Robert Filliou’s request and the Artpool Periodical Spaces (APS), which provided a site for 14 events until 1989, offered him the framework for artists’ exchange, network and communication with Fluxus artists within the concept of “active archive” during the years of illegality. In 1987 Artpool was one of the few institutions in the world that celebrated the 100th anniversary of the birth of Marcel Duchamp.
In 1979, Galántai got in contact with Robert Filliou, Wolf Vostell; in 1982, mostly during Artpool’s Art Tour, with Ray Johnson, A.M.Fine, Alison Knowles, Giuseppe Chiari, Ben Vautier, Charles Dreyfus, Peter Frank; in 1983 with Robert Watts, Shozo Shimamoto, Mieko Shiomi, Geoff Hendricks; in 1985 with Gilbert & Lila Silverman; in 1988 with Emmett Williams, René Block; in 1990 with Dick Higgins, Carolee Schneemann, Barbara Moor; in 1992 with Eric Andersen, Ken Friedman, Robert Delford Brown, Julius Koller, Jon Hendricks, Bern Porter; in 1993 with Yoko Ono, Jackson MacLow, Milan Knizak, Jonas Mekas; in 1995 with Jean-Jacques Lebel, Larry Miller, Ben Patterson; in 1997 with Philip Corner, Jean Dupuy, Armin Hundertmark; in 1998 with Daniel Spoerri; in 2000 with Takako Saito; etc.After the change of the political system in Hungary in 1989, Artpool started to operate legally as a non-profit institution beginning in 1992. The first two years were dedicated to Fluxus research alongside the fostering of a still outstanding Fluxus library and video archive. This was motivated by the occasion of the 30th anniversary of Fluxus in 1993, when it was celebrated worldwide. In 1992, Artpool organized an open-air exhibition on Liszt Ferenc square with the title Fluxus Flags; in 1993, the first exhibition of George Maciunas in Hungary and the first presentation of Endre Tót’s Zer0 works. In the “year of Fluxus” Artpool showcased lectures, performances and exhibitions of Dick Higgins & Alison Knowles, Anne Tardos & Jackson MacLow and Geoffrey Hendricks among others. Also in 1993 as the result of the cooperation between Görgy Galántai and Ben Vautier Artpool presented the event and installation entitled Ben square (Ben tér) on Liszt Ferenc square. György Galántai’s exhibition Lifeworks (Életmunkák) at Ernst Museum was opened by René Block in 1993. During his visit in Budapest, Block gave a lecture with the title Fluxus Music: The Everiday Event at Goethe Institute. In 2007-2008 the international FLUXUS EAST – Fluxus Networks in Central and Eastern Europe exhibitions provided the opportunity to further personal meetups and the exchange of several Fluxus related works and publications.
Description of content
The Fluxus related books, catalogues, periodicals, articles, photo-, video- and audio-materials, posters, artists’ books, Fluxus scores and Fluxus objects are essential parts of the Artpool Art Research Center’s library and archive.
Artpool is a unique place for Fluxus research in Hungary, and it is also outstanding at an international level. The exhibitions, meetings, performances, presentations, and other events initiated by Artpool played an important role in the evolution and development of the Fluxus collection. We can highlight the events organized on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of Fluxus in 1993, when Fluxus was celebrated worldwide. In connection with the anniversary, Artpool announced an invitation for its project Fluxus Flags which was responded by 42 artists from 18 countries around the world. The received artworks were exhibited on Liszt Ferenc square and became part of the archive’s collection. In the same year, Artpool organized several exhibitions (Artpool Flux, 3x4) in correlation with and based on the Fluxus research taking place at the archive. (http://www.artpool.hu/Fluxus/)
The Fluxus collection also grew as a result of Artpool’s international network and cooperative initiatives. In 1993, Fluxus artists like Dick Higgins, Alison Knowles, Anne Tardos, Jackson Mac Low, Geoffrey Hendricks, Anna Banana, René Block and Ben Vautier visited Hungary on the invitation of Artpool. As an example for the cooperations Ben Vautier and György Galántai organized the Fluxus event Ben square (Ben tér) on Liszt Ferenc squere. Vautier presented his Fluxus action on a podium that became part of Artpool’s Fluxus collection (Ben's Podium).
In 1993, Yoko Ono had a solo exhibition in the Ludwig Museum in Budapest. On this occasion she visited Hungary and donated some of her Fluxus works to Artpool as present.
The most representative part of Artpool’s Fluxus collection is the collection of Fluxus related books, catalogues, periodicals, articles – almost 2500 items (more than one tenth of all the publications). 500 pieces of the bibliography are artists’ books related to Fluxus (published by the British Beau Geste Press, the Italian E.O.N., the Canadian Field Study, the French Doc(k)s, the Belgian Guy Schraenen Éditeur, etc. The bibliography consists of 500 more books and almost 1,500 articles, periodicals, and other source materials. The most important Fluxus related publications were summarised in the Fluxus bibliography compiled by Artpool in 2000. http://www.artpool.hu/Fluxusbibliography/default.html
The Artpool Fluxus archive includes more than 150 video documentations and video works that were presented to the public related to the exhibition Fluxus in Germany from 1962-1994 at Kunsthalle (Műcsarnok) in Budapest in 1996 within the frameworks of the program Fluxus videos at Artpool. The collection consists of Fluxus documentations (of Fluxus events with Ben Vautier, Allen Ginsberg, Robert Filliou, etc.), documentary overviews of the history of Fluxus (e.g.: Larry Miller: Some Fluxus. With George Maciunas, Fluxus, Performances and Events 1978-1990, Eventual Productions, New York, USA, 1991; or the documentation of the Marcel Duchamp Symposion organized in 1987 by Artpool), Fluxus oeuvre videos (about the life of Dick Higgins, Joe Jones, Milan Knizak, etc.) and Fluxus video works (works of Geoffrey Hendricks, La Monte Young, Wolf Vostel, etc.). For a fill list, see: http://www.artpool.hu/fluxvideolist.html
Artpool also has an outstanding collection of examples of artists’ money. These materials were exhibited in the show entitled Money after Money (Artists’ Money) in 2000 which was also the occasion for printing the banknote called “Fluxus Buck” in 7,000 copies by “Artpool Fluxus Bank.”
Artpool’s Fluxus collection attracted wider attention during the exhibition entitled FLUXUS EAST – Fluxus Networks in Central and Eastern Europe, which was first presented at Künstlerhaus Bethanien in Berlin in 2007. (http://www.artpool.hu/2007/FluxusEast/) Until 2011, the exhibition was on view in Berlin, Vilnius, Kraków, Tallin, Copenhagen, Oslo and Budapest. Some of the materials on exhibit (facsimiles, documents, letters, publications and objects) had been brought from the archive and collection of Artpool (e.g. the Flux Ping Pong table reconstructed by György Galántai in 2001 on the occasion of the exhibition Impossible Realism after the work of Georges Maciunas realized in 1976) or were exhibited with the intermediation of Artpool (e.g. the reconstruction of Robert Filliou and Joachim Pfeufer’s Poipoidrom in its form presented at the Young Artists’ Club (Fiatal Művészek Klubja) in Budapest in 1976, also realized by Galántai). The FLUXUS EAST exhibition organized at Ludwig Museum Budapest in 2008 (http://www.artpool.hu/2008/080418e.html) was complemented with Ben's Podium, done by Ben Vautier as part of the project BEN vauTiER in 1993, which was used by Geoffrey Hendricks for his performance at the opening of the exhibition in 2008. Artpool also published the book FLUXUS. Interviews, texts, events edited by Júlia Klaniczay and Annamária Szőke on the occasion of the exhibition in Budapest. In connection with, the exhibition Artpool organized an event entitled Flux Med (Doctor Bob) (Artpool P60, April 18-May 30, 2008, http://www.artpool.hu/Fluxus/Watts/exhibition.html) presenting Fluxus artist Robert Watts’ silkscreen prints, donated to Artpool by Francesco Conz accompanied by many other Fluxus publications.
In 2011 Artpool organized the exhibition Fluxus (Sport) Events in Kapolcs, Hungary, (http://www.artpool.hu/K55/2011/index_en.html) which presented Fluxus objects regarding different types of sports by Hungarian and international Fluxus artists (e.g. Gábor Attalai, Tamás Komoróczky, Antal Lakner, Dóra Maurer, Julius Koller, Milan Adamciak, Chris Burden, etc.)
Other researchable Fluxus related topics at Artpool:copy art, electronic arts, fanzine, mail art, artists’ book, neoism
- artifacts: 10-99
- photos: 100-499
- publications (books, newspapers, articles, press clippings): 1000-
- video recordings (including oral history recordings): 100-499
- voice recordings (including oral history recordings): 10-99
Geographical scope of recent operation
Date of founding
Place of founding
Budapest, Frankel Leó út 68/b.
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Creator(s) of content
Important events in the history of the collection
- visits by appointments
- · AL (Aktuális / Alternatív / Artpool Levél) [Actual / Alternative / Artpool Letter], 1983–1985, 11 issues, (Nos. 1–9, A5, photocopied, Nos. 10, 11, A4, photocopied with offset cover, rubber stamp, with a circulation of 300– 500, bookwork-like samizdat art magazine with several inserts and supplements and with English summaries for each issue, Budapest: Artpool, 1983-1985. Edited by György Galántai and Júlia Klaniczay.
- · Friedman, Ken: Fluxus 1992 (Artpool booklets), Artpool, Budapest, 1992, 20 p.
- · FLUX FLAG, Fluxus Zászló, Artpool, 1992 (A4, monochrome and color photocopy 94 pages, printed in 100 numbered copies). Publication designed, edited and produced by György Galántai with the use of the artists’ documents and photographs of the exhibited fluxus flags
- · FLUXMOST, Artpool, 1993 (A4, offset, 4 pages), test issue of a planned review
- · The Year of Installation at Artpool: Installation Project 1998, Artpool, Budapest, 1999 (A4, 32 pages, offset). Catalog of the project and the events held during “The Year of Installation”
- · Marcel Duchamp Szimpozion 1987 [Marcel Duchamp Symposium 1987], Artpool, Budapest, 2007 (A4, digital print, 62 pages, Hungarian), publication with the “Five minute lectures” held at the symposium in 1987 by 21 leading Hungarian artists and art critics
- · Hommage à Marcel Duchamp, Artpool. Budapest, 2007 (A4, color digital print, 100 copies, 143 pages + insert: English summary of the “Five minute lectures”). A bookwork-catalog, an imprint of the website documenting the event (symposium, concerts and exhibition) “In the Spirit of Marcel Duchamp” organized by György Galántai (Artpool) and Péter György (Department of Aesthetics at the Eötvös Loránd Univ.) in 1987
- · Robert Watts: Flux Med, Artpool, Budapest, 2008, 48 pages. Exhibition catalog with essays by Francesco Conz, Larry Miller and Geoffrey Hendricks (English–Hungarian)
- · Beke, László – Bálint, Anna (ed.): Poipoi, Artpool – Műcsarnok, Budapest, 1998, 40 p.
- · Klaniczay, Júlia – Szőke Annamária (eds.): FLUXUS. Interjúk, szövegek, események–esetek [FLUXUS. Interviews, Texts, Events], Artpool – Ludwig Múzeum, Budapest, 2008, 350 p.
- · Szőke, Annamária (ed.): Diagramok: Gondolat-térképek [Diagrams: Mind Maps], Artpool – Műcsarnok, Budapest, 1998, 51 p.
- Galántai, György – Klaniczay, Julia (eds.). ARTPOOL – The Experimental Art Archive of East-Central Europe. History of an active archive for producing, networking, curating, and researching art since 1970, Budapest: Artpool, 2013.
More fluxus related bibliography at Artpool:http://www.artpool.hu/Fluxusbibliography/default.html
Author(s) of this page
- Barkóczi, Flóra
- Bodor, Kata: Yoko Ono és a Fluxus: „Játssz bizalommal!” [Yoko Ono and Fluxus: “Play with Trust”], Eötvös Loránd Univ., Faculty of Humanities, Dept. of Art History, Budapest, 2002
- Klaniczay Júlia – Sasvári Edit (eds.). Törvénytelen avantgárd. Galántai György balatonboglári kápolnaműterme, Budapest: Artpool-Balassi, 2003.
- · Fluxus East. Fluxus-Netzwerke in Mittelosteuropa / Fluxus Networks in Central Eastern Europe, Künstlerhaus Bethanien, Berlin, 2007, 281 p.
- György Galántai responds to questions. Fluxus + Conceptual = Contextual, in: Fluxus East. Fluxus-Netzwerke in Mittelosteuropa / Fluxus Network in Central Eastern Europe, Künstlerhaus Bethanien GmbH, Berlin, 2007, pp. 141–156. (online)
- · Müllner, András (ed.): Erdély Miklós [Miklós Erdély], Metropolis (special issue) Vol. XI., No. 4, 2007, 118 p.
- Parabélyeg. A művészbélyeg négy évtizede a fluxustól az internetig / Parastamp. Four Decades of Artistamps, from Fluxus to the Internet, Szépművészeti Múzeum, Budapest, 2007, 108 p.